Mount Merbabu is a volcano of Stratotype (see Volcano ) located geographically at 7.5 ° LS and 110.4 ° east. Administratively, this mountain is located in Magelang regency on the western slopes and Boyolali regency on the eastern and southern slopes, Semarang regency on the northern slope of Central Java province.
Mount Merbabu is known through pre-Islamic manuscripts as Mount Damalung or Mount Pam (a) rihan. On the slopes was once a famous hermitage and was visited by Bujangga Manik in the 15th century. According to etymology, "merbabu" comes from a combination of the words "menu" (mountain) and "ash" (ash). This new name appears in Dutch records.This mountain once erupted in 1560 and 1797. Reported also in the year 1570 had erupted, but has not done confirmation and further research. Merbabu peak is at an altitude of 3,145 meters above sea level.Merbabu has the hill forest, Forest Route Map, Forest Montane, and forest Ericaceous or mountain forest.
Trail of Ascent
Mount Merbabu is quite popular as a means of climbing activities. The terrain is not too heavy but the potential hazards to watch for climbers are cold air, thick fog, dense but homogeneous forest (conifers, not enough to support survival ), and lack of water resources. Respect for the traditions of local residents also needs to be considered.
Line Kopeng Thekelan
From Jakarta can take a train or bus to Semarang, Yogyakarta, or Solo. Continued with Solo - Semarang bus departed in Salatiga city, followed by a small bus to Kopeng. From Yogyakarta take a bus to Magelang, followed by a small bus to Kopeng. From the kopeng, there are many paths to the Peak, but it is better to pass through the tekelan village because there is a Post that can provide information and various assistance needed. Tekelan post can be reached through Umbul Songo campsite.On campsite Umbul Songo you can rest waiting for the night to arrive because the climb will be better done at night to arrive at the summit before sunrise. You also can rest at Thekelan Post which provides a place to sleep, especially when not carrying a tent. Can also camp in Pos Pending because in these three places we can get clean water.People around Merbabu are Buddhist [ need a reference ] so we will meet some monasteries around Kopeng. Residents often meditate or meditate and many places to the peak are sacred. Abstinence for climbers not to waste water in Watu Gubug and around Crater. Also, climbers are not allowed to wear red and green outfits.In the new year of Java 1, suro residents perform traditional ceremonies in the crater of Mount Merbabu. In Sapar month, the inhabitants of Selo (Southern slopes of Merbabu) hold a traditional ceremony. Girls in the village of tekelan are left with dreadlocks to protect themselves and to obtain salvation. The journey from Pos Tekelan which is in the middle of the resident's village begins with passing the people's garden and pine forest. From here we can see the beautiful scenery towards Mount Telomoyo and Rawa Pening.In Pos Pending climbers can find springs, also we will find a small river (Kali Sowo). Before reaching Pos I climbers will pass the White Pereng and must be careful because the road is very steep. Then climbers pass through the dry river, from here the scenery is very beautiful down to see the city of Salatiga especially at night.From Post I we will pass through the mixed forest to Post II, towards Post III the path begins to open and the road starts to climb steeply. Climbers climb mount Pertapan, gusts of strong wind is felt, especially in the open. Climbers can take shelter in Watu Gubug, a stone perforation that can be entered by 5 people. It is said to be the gateway to the empire of unseen creatures.If there is a storm you should not continue the journey because it is very dangerous. Closer to the post of four climbers climbing Mt. Watu writes a rather steep path and a lot of sand and small pebbles so slippery, strong winds bring dust and sand so it must be ready to close your eyes when there is a strong wind. Post IV at the top of Mt. Watu Tulis with altitude reaching 2,896 mdpl, also called Post Transmitter because at its peak there is a Radio Transmitter.Towards Pos V downhill, this post is surrounded by beautiful hills and cliffs. Climbers can descend to the Condrodimuko crater. And here are springs, distinguish between drinking water and sulfur water.The journey continues with a very steep incline passes as well as a ravine on the left and right. This ramp is called the Devil's Bridge. Then climbers will arrive at the intersection, left to Puncak Sharif (Mount Pregodalem) and to the right towards the peak of Kenteng Songo (Mount Kenteng Songo) that extends.From the top of Kenteng Songo, climbers can look at Mount Merapi with its peak puffing smoke every time, looking very close. To the west, there is a clear and beautiful Mount Sumbing and Mount Sindoro. Closer look Mount Telomoyo and Mount Ungaran. From a distance to the east it looks Lawu Mountain with its elongated peak.Towards the Peak of Kenteng Songo, this path is very dangerous, in addition, to narrow only about 1 meter wide with the left side right rocky canyon without trees, also very strong wind ready to drive climbers at any time. At this peak, there are pebbles/ mortars/holes with the number 9 according to paranormal vision.Down the mountain Merbabu through the path to Selo became an interesting option. Climbers will pass through grasslands and edelweiss forests, as well as beautiful flowering hills. Along the way, climbers can watch Mount Merapi that looks very close to the peak that always issues Smoke.Climbers will descend and climb some small mountains lined with green grass without trees to shelter from the wind. Along the track, there are no springs and rest stations. Fog and storm often appear suddenly, so it is very dangerous to set up a tent.The path to Selo is abundant and there are no guidance signs, so it is very confusing to climbers. Many paths are often passed by residents to find grass on the summit of the mountain so that climbers will be up to the population.From Selo can be continued by a small bus Boyolali - Magelang, if you want to go to yoga majors Magelang, and when to Semarang or Solo take the Boyolali degree.
Skrekanek team numbering five people (Steve, Sigit, Bowo, Day, Bayu) mid-March 2005 to climb Mount Merbabu via Wekas Line. To go to Wekas Village we have to drive the Department of Kopeng - Magelang down at Kaponan, which is about 9 Km from Kopeng, precisely in front of Wekas Village gate. From Kaponan climbers walk through the rocky road about 3 km to climbing post.This path is very popular among the Teens and Nature Lovers of Magelang city because it is closer and there are many water sources, so many teens who like to camp in Pos II especially on holidays. Wekas is the last village to the summit which takes about 6-7 hours. The track is a short path, so there is rarely a stretched track. The track of post I am quite wide with the underlying rocks. Along the way will encounter fields of typical highland populations planted with Onions, Cabbage, Carrots, and Tobacco, can also be found rabbit cattle whose feces used as fertilizer. The route to heading I am quite uphill with a travel time of 2 hours.A post I am a plain with a hall as a retreat. Around this area, there are still many stalls and residents' houses. After the post I, the journey still passes the resident's estate, then into the pine forest. The travel time to post II is 2 hours, with a steep climb.Pos II is an open and flat place, commonly erected up to several dozens of tents. On Saturdays, Sundays and holidays Post II is widely used by teenagers to camp. So in those days many people who trade food. In this area, there is a source of water in the channel through large pipes that are accommodated in a tub.From Pos II there is a deadlock that leads to a river which is used as a source of water for the people around Wekas to the surrounding villages. This line follows the water pipeline along the edge of the gorge leading to the stream below the crater. There are two very steep streams that make up a leveled waterfall, making it a very spectacular sight with the background of the Merbabu Mountains.After the post-II, the path begins to open until it meets the intersection of Kopeng line which is above the post-V (Watu Tulis), Kopeng line. From this junction to the post of Helipad only takes 15 minutes. The journey continues with a very steep incline passes as well as a ravine on the left and right. This ramp is called the Devil's Bridge. Then we will arrive at the intersection, left to Puncak Sharif (Mount Pregodalem) and to the right towards the peak of Kenteng Songo (Mount Kenteng Songo) that extends.
Kopeng Cunthel Line
Skrekanek team numbering five people (Maulana, Steve, Iwi, Ardy, Sigit) mid-September 2004 made the ascent of Mount Merbabu through Kopeng - Cunthel line and took down the path Kopeng Thekelan.To go to the village of Cuntel can be reached from the city of Salatiga using a mini bus Salatiga Magelang majors down in Kopeng tourist area, precisely in Umbul Songo campground. The journey begins by walking along the rather wide, rocky footpath as far as 2.5 km, on the left is Earth Song of the Umbul Songo. After passing Umbul Songo turn left, on the left is a pine forest after walking approximately 500 meters on the left there is a path to the pine forest, this path to the village of Thekelan.To get to Cuntel Village walk along the rocky road to the end. Many signs of good directions around the village as well as on the climbing trails. In Basecamp Village Cuntel in the center of the village, climbers can rest and fill the water supply. Climbers can also buy a variety of memorable items such as stickers or shirts.After leaving the village, the journey continues through the plantation of the inhabitants. The lane is already climbing up the hills that are overgrown with pine trees. The paths are dry, dusty soils, especially in the dry season, which disturbs the eyes and breathing. For that climber should use a protective mask and glasses.After walking about 30 minutes along the hill a winding climber will arrive at the shadow of I. In this place the climber can take shelter from the sun or rain water. By crossing the same path that is along the dusty road interspersed with pine trees, about 30 minutes will arrive at the Shadow Post II. In this post, there is also a roofed roof to rest.From Post, I to Post Transmitter line began to open, on the left and right of the path overgrown with alang-alang. Meanwhile, some pine trees still grow in distant distances.Post transmitter or often also called Watu Tulis mountain is at an altitude of 28896 meters above sea level. At its peak, there is a relay transmitter station. In this post, there are many large stones that can be used to shelter from strong winds. But strong winds sometimes come from below carrying dust flying. Climbing during the day will be very hot. From this location, the view down very beautiful, visible in the distance of Mount Sumbing and Mount Sindoro, seen Mount Ungaran behind Mount Telomoyo.The next path in the form of a descendant to Pos Helipad, the atmosphere, and scenery around this Helipad Post is really very extraordinary. To the right lies the Mount of Kukusan which is at its peak white as the sulfur vomit has dried up. In front of the eyes lies a whitish crater. On the right near the crater, there is a spring, climbers must be able to distinguish between drinking water and sulfur water.The journey continues with a very steep incline passes as well as a ravine on the left and right. This ramp is called the Devil's Bridge. Then we will arrive at the intersection, left to Puncak Sharif (Mount Pregodalem) and to the right towards the peak of Kenteng Songo (Mount Kenteng Songo) that extends.From the top of Kenteng Songo, we can see Mount Merapi with its peak puffing smoke every time, looking very close. To the west looks Gn.Sumbing and Sindoro that look very clear and beautiful, as if challenging to be climbed. Closer look Gn.Telomoyo and Gn.Ungaran. From a distance to the east it looks Gn.Lawu with its elongated peak.
The Merbabu Via Selo climbing route is now a relatively busier path than any other path . The beautiful scenery with the blissful savanna makes the journey more enjoyable. Coupled from this path neighbors near merbabu mountain that is Merapi can be seen clearly.Access to the location is Yogyakarta or Solo if from Solo take a bus majoring in Semarang downtown Boyolali. If from the city of Yogyakarta have to ride the bus departing Solo in Kartasura, then change the bus majors Solo Semarang down in the city of Boyolali. To go to Selo from Boyolali city using a small bus majors Selo. Buses that go directly to Selo are rarely usually only until Pasar Cepogo, and from Cepogo market replace the small bus that goes to Selo. From Boyolali city the small bus that goes to Selo is not parked at Boyolali terminal. Climbers should walk a little to the Cow Market where a small bus Cepogo / Selo bus stop looking for passengers.Beginning with climbing, climbers will be greeted welcome gate from Gunung Merbabu National Park. Entering the forest door left and the right street atmosphere filled with pine trees and lamtoro, in the afternoon it will feel cool. The streets are still quite gentle to 15 minutes journey. After walking 1-1.5 hours arrived at post 1 (Dok Malang). This post is still in the thick of trees.After heading 1, the track has not felt quite steep, there is one steep slope up and at the top is a shadow post. Only after walking 20 minutes from the shadow post climbers will arrive at post 2 (pandean) the distance from post 1-2 is arguably long.Furthermore, the distance between posts 2 and 3 is not far away. About 45 minutes walk, climbers will arrive at post 3 (Watu Tulis) the scenery here is quite beautiful with a fairly clear trim if not misty. Coupled with the lush edelweiss trees. Better to rest a little longer in this post 3.Towards heading 4 (Sabana 1) climbers will be faced with a track that is enough to make breathing stagnant. Steep tracks with easy to make land slip. Choose the path a bit to the left for because on the left can get a handle.Sabana 1 is one of the interesting places for camping, its flat place, and beautiful scenery may be the reason the climbers chose to set up their tents here. But the wind in this place quite fast, especially very vulnerable to storms.From Sabana 1 to Sabana 2 (heading 5) it does not take long. About 40 minutes only. The track is a slightly steep incline though not as hard as between post-3-post 4 but the wind is quite tight when the night in this place. after reaching the top of the hill we will run downhill and arrived at post 5 (savanna 2). Although the wind still feels great I think this is the place to set up the right tent.If you want to enjoy the sunrise at the peak, you should start waking up at 3 am to prepare breakfast and do summit attack. Travel time to peak about 1 - 1.5 hours. If lazy get up early, sunrise can be enjoyed in the hills east of savanna. The advantage of this path is, sunrise can be enjoyed along the path of climbing.Note: for climbers who climb from the Selo line, the need for drinking water should be carried from the bottom/basecamp because all the way to the summit is not a source of water.
A suwanting line is the path that was opened in 1990 and 1998, but after 1998 the line is closed for climbing and the new beginning of 2015 then this path re-opened. This climbing lane is located in Suwanting Village Banyuroto Village District Sawangan Magelang regency which is about 5 km from Ketep Pass vantage point. If departing from the city of Yogyakarta requires two hours journey using two-wheeled vehicles.The Merbabu Mountain climbing route via Suwanting is famous for its beautiful scenery and savanna that attracts the attention of mountaineers. The line has three Post (Lempong Valley Post, Post Selter Flag, and Ndampo Awang Post). A climber can set up a tent at post 2 and post 3 because the location is quite spacious and the scenery is beautiful with the background of Mount Merapi.On this path the climber does not have to worry about the lack of water because along the climbing track has three water heading that can be used for consumption, the water post is located below the Valley of cemoro, Valley of manding and last under heading 3.After the post 3, climbers will pass a soothing savanna. If visiting during the rainy season or the range of May-August , climbers will meet the green meadow.