Mount Kerinci West Sumatera

Mount Kerinci (also spelled "Kerintji", and is known as Mount Gadang, Kurinci Volcano, Kerinchi, Korinci, or Puncak Indrapura) is the highest mountain in Sumatra, Indonesia's highest volcano, and the highest peak in Indonesia outside of Papua. Mount Kerinci is located in Jambi province bordering West Sumatra province, in Bukit Barisan Mountains, near the west coast, and is located about 130 km south of Padang. This mountain is surrounded by dense forest of Kerinci Seblat National Park and is the habitat of Sumatran tiger and Sumatran rhinoceros. Mount Kerinci peak at an altitude of 3805 meters above sea level, where visitors can see in the distance stretches the beautiful scenery of Jambi, Padang, and Bengkulu. Even the vast Indian Ocean can be seen clearly. Mount Kerinci has a crater area of 400 x 120 meters and contains water that is green. To the east, there is the Bento lake, the highest clear watery swamp in Sumatra. Behind it is a mountain of seven with a very beautiful crater that is almost untouched. Mount Kerinci is a stratovolcano-type volcano that is still active and last erupted in 2009.

Topography 

Mount Kerinci is conical with a width of 13 km (8 miles) and a length of 25 km (16 miles), extending from north to south. At its peak on the northeast side, there is a 600 meter (1,969 feet) deep crater containing green water. Until now, the crater measuring 400 x 120 meters is still active status. Mount Kerinci is included in part of Kerinci Seblat National Park (TNKS). TNKS is a conservation area of 1,484,650 hectares and is located in the four provinces, most of which are in Jambi. TNKS itself is part of the Bukit Barisan Mountains that extends from north to south on Sumatra Island. Mount Kerinci is an active type-A mountain located about 130 kilometers south of Padang City. Eruption Type: Hawaii Type Mountain Form: Strato Mountain or Conical Type Eruption: Explosive Eruption Mount Activity: Type A

Flora Fauna

Lowland vegetation is dominated by several types of mahogany, there is also a giant plant Rafflesia Rafflesia Arnoldi Flower and Suweg Giant Amorphophallus Titanum. Pine trees also grow on Mount Kerinci. With Leuser National Park, the park is obstructed by Lake Toba and Sihanouk Gorge. So some animals not found in Leuser Park are here, such as tapir ( Tapirus indicus ) and cuscus ( Tarsius bancanus ). There are many Sumatran animals such as elephants, Sumatran rhinos, tigers, sun bears, leopards, except orangutans. Various primates such as gibbons, gibbons, long-tailed monkeys, and Presbytis melanophores . There are also 140 species of birds.

Ascent

This mountain can be reached by land from Jambi to Sungaipenuh through Bangko. Can also be reached from Padang, Lubuk Linggau, and Bengkulu. By plane can land in Padang or Jambi. The beauty of natural panoramas with a wealth of flora and fauna can be found starting from the lowlands to the top of Mount Kerinci, not only to be enjoyed but very good for research and education. Climbing to the top of Mount Kerinci takes two days starting from Kersik Tuo Post. Kersik Tuo Village, Kayu Aro District is at an altitude of 1,400 mdpl with a population consisting of plantation workers of Javanese descent, so the local language is the Javanese language. From Kuntik Tuo we head to the TNKS or R10 guard post at an altitude of 1.611 mdpl with a walk about 45 minutes across the tea plantation. Pondok R 10 is a guardhouse of TNKS Hall to monitor every visitor who will climb Mount Kerinci. From R10 we go to the Jungle Door with an altitude of 1800 mdpl, The distance is about 2 km with the travel time approximately 1-hour journey. The field is in the form of plantations/fields of the population, good road conditions (asphalt) to the forest boundary. The Jungle Door is the starting gate of climbing within the forest boundary between the heterogeneous field and forest as the entrance. The Jungle Door is at an altitude of 1800 masl. Here there is a shelter location and also water location approximately 200 meters left. Mileage to the Long Stool 2 km or 30 minutes journey, the path slightly sloping into the heterogeneous forest area. Post Seat Length with a height of 1901 meters above sea level, there are two shelters that can be used to rest. Toward Stone, Moss terrain still gently over 2 km with travel time about 45 minutes through the forest area. Climbers can rest at the Lumut Stone Post which is located at an altitude of 2,000 mdpl, but here there is no shelter. There is a river that is sometimes dry in the dry season. To get to Pos 1 which is about 2 km from Batu Lumut we need about 1.5 hours. The path enters a thick and steep forest with a 45 to 60-degree slope. Heading 1 is located at an altitude of 2225 masl and there is a cottage that can be used to rest. To get to Pos 2 the distance that must be taken about 3 km with a travel time of 2 hours. On this track sometimes found a steep field with a slope of up to 45 degrees but still meet with a sloping terrain. There is an old cottage in Pos 2 located at an altitude of 2510 mdpl, here the climber can rest. To get to Pos 3 distance that must be taken is 2 km with travel time about 3 hours. In this trajectory, we can encounter ferns with the condition of the forest a little open.
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There is a damaged cottage to live in the skeleton Pos 3 which is at an altitude of 3073 mdpl. In this place, the climber can rest and still comfortable to set up a tent because it is still protected by the trees. The travel time to the summit of this post is about 4 hours. To go to Pos 4 distance that must be taken about 1.5 km, takes about 1.5 hours. The condition of the path in the form of the former water flow so it will turn into a ditch when it rains. Pos 4 is at an altitude of 3,351 mdpl, this place is roomy enough and can be to set up some tents, but the weather here is often not friendly. The next path to the top of the sand and rocks. Distance to the top 2 km with travel time about 3 hours. In this trajectory the climbers need to be extra careful.

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