Mount Merapi is located between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia is still very active to this day. Since 1548, this mountain has erupted as much as 68 times. Its location is quite close to the city of Yogyakarta and there are still villages on the slopes to a height of 1700 m. For people in the place, Merapi brings the blessing of sand material, while for the local government, Mount Merapi becomes a tourist destination for tourists. Merapi is now included in the area of Mount Merapi National Park.
Mount Merapi is the youngest in the volcano collection in the southern part of Java Island. The mountain is located in a subduction zone, where the Indo-Australian Plate keeps moving down the Eurasian Plate. The eruption in the area lasted 400,000 years ago, and up to 10,000 years ago the type of eruption was effusive. After that, the eruption becomes explosive, with a thick lava that gives rise to lava domes.
Small eruptions occur every 2-3 years, and larger ones are about 10-15 years old. The eruptions of Merapi, which had great impacts, among others, in the years 1006, 1786, 1822, 1872, and 1930. The large eruption in the year 1006 to make the entire middle part of Java covered with ash. It is estimated that the eruption caused the ancient Mataram kingdom to move to East Java. Its eruption in 1930 destroyed 13 villages and killed 1400 people.
The explosion in November 1994 caused the blast of hot clouds down to reach several villages and killed dozens of human lives. The July 19, 1998 eruption was quite large but pointed upwards so it did not take any casualties. Note the last eruption of this mountain is in 2001-2003 in the form of high activity that goes continuously
Mount Merapi is located in the middle of Java island which occupies several areas such as:
The slope of the southern side is included in the Sleman Regency of Yogyakarta
The west side slope is included in Magelang regency
The northern and eastern slopes fall within Boyolali County
Southeastern slopes enter into the Klaten area
To get to Mount Merapi many paths that we can choose.
The first line: Through the village of Kinahrejo which is located 2 km east of Kaliurang. From Kinahrejo to the peak of Merapi is 9 km within 10 hours with a fairly steep terrain.
The second line: Through Selo area Boyolali district located between Mount Merapi and Mount Merbabu. From Yogyakarta by bus to Kartosuro then go to Boyolali and finally to Selo
The previous hiking route is through the north side of Selo in Tlogolele Boyolali village. The village is located between Mount Merapi and Merbabu mountain. Climbing from Selo takes 5 hours to peak. Another route that can be reached through the west side is from Sawangan Magelang and through the southeast side of the direction of Deles, Kemalang Klaten.
After the 2010 big eruption, the climbing route was diverted through the hill of Pronojiwo Kaliurang Pakem Sub-district of Sleman Regency. To pass this path takes about 7 hours to get to the top with a fairly steep road.
Tour tickets Volcano trekking Kinahrejo IDR.10.000, - (2017)
Tour tickets Volcano Trekking Kepuhharjo IDR.10.000, -
Parking ticket for vehicle Rp.3.000, -
Ojek from Kinahrejo - former house of Alm Mbah Maridjan IDR.20.000, -
Ojek from Kepuharjo - Kaliaden IDR.35.000 - IDR. 50.000, -
Facilities that support tourism are widely available in the area of Kaliurang which is the slopes of Mount Merapi that offers beautiful scenery with fresh air cooling.
In the area of Kaliurang campsites are often used for the activities of students and scouts and there is a natural cross-route that is often used to explore the natural beauty up close.
Hospitality facilities such as villas and bungalows are also available on this tempa. In this area is often used to hold events - events such as conferences, seminars, meetings, workshops, upgrading and others