Lake Kelimutu is a crater lake located at the top of Mount Kelimutu (volcano) located on Flores Island, NTT Province, Indonesia. The location of this mountain precisely in the Village Pemo, District Kelimutu, Ende District. The lake is known as the Three Color Lake because it has three different colors, namely red, blue, and white. However, the colors are always changing over time. The lake is located at an altitude of 1,631 meters above sea level.
Flores is a combination of words from "keli" which means mountain and the word "quality" which means to boil. According to the beliefs of the locals, the colors on the lake of Kelimutu have their respective meanings and have a very powerful natural power.
Lake or Tiwu Flores is divided into three parts corresponding to the colors in the lake. The blue lake or "Tiwu Nuwa Muri Koo Fai" is a gathering place for the souls of young people who have died. The red lake or "Tiwu Ata Polo" is a gathering place for the souls of the deceased and during his life always commits a crime / divination. While the lake is white or "Tiwu Ata Mbupu" is a gathering place for the souls of parents who have died.
The third area of the lake is about 1,051,000 square meters with a water volume of 1,292 million cubic meters. The boundary between the lakes is a narrow stone wall that easily landslides. This wall is very steep with a 70 degree angle. The height of the lake wall ranges from 50 to 150 meters.
Initially this area was discovered by Van Such Telen, a Dutch citizen, in 1915. Its beauty was widely known after Y. Bouman described in his 1929 writings. Since then foreign tourists have begun to come to enjoy the lake which is known haunted by the local people. Those who come not only lovers of beauty, but also researchers who want to know the very rare natural events.
National Nature Conservation Area
The area of Flores has been designated a National Nature Conservation Area since 26 February 1992.
Type of forest
Forest Dipterocarp Hill is a forest area located at an altitude between 300 - 750 meters.
Forest Dipterocarp Hill 300 - 750 meters
Dipterokarp Forest Up to 750 - 1,200 meters high
Montane Forest 1,200 - 1,500 meters
Ericaceous Forest> 1,500 meters
Some of the flora that can be found around the lake include Kesambi (Schleichera oleosa), Pine (Casuarina equisetifolia) and Edelweiss eternal flowers. While the fauna around the lake, among others Deer (Cervus timorensis), wild boar (Sus sp.), Chick forest (Gallus gallus) and Elang (Elanus sp.)
Lake Kelimutu located at the top of Mount Kelimutu is included in the series of National Park Flores.
Lake Kelimutu has three giant puddles. Each puddle has a water color that changes every year. The water in one of the three puddles is red and can be dark green and red-hearted; in the other puddles dark green to light green; and in the third pool is blackish brown to blue sky.
Administratively, Kelimutu Lake is located in 3 sub-districts, namely Detsuko Sub-District, Wolowaru Sub-district and Ndona Sub-district, all of which are under the auspices of Dati II Ende Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province.
Access to this area is from the capital of East Nusa Tenggara province, Kupang, using the plane to Ende city, on the island of Flores, with travel time reaches 40 minutes. then the journey continues by using public transportation in the form of mini bus, to Kaonara Village, which is 93 km, with travel time about 3 hours. From Koanara Village to the Peak of Lake Kelimutu, walk along 2.5 km.
As one of the mainstay attractions, the accommodation around the lake is noteworthy. Around the lake there are guard huts, shelters for visitors, MCK, parking capacity, and several small inns.